Enda Kenny has caused quite a stir with his announcement that Fine Gael would, in government, hold a referendum within one year of entering office to abolish the Seanad, the upper house of Ireland’s national parliament.
The motivation for this announcement would appear to be a desire to recapture some media momentum from the Labour party, but it makes for an odd policy issue to focus on in an important speech. There are many areas of the Constitution which various lobby groups have pointed to as needing reform (such as childrens’ rights, abortion, women, religion, blasphemy, the requirement to hold referenda for European Union treaties), but each is far more complex and controversial. It would be more useful to see Fine Gael propose a more comprehensive approach to constitutional reform which might include a series of referenda or a ‘super-referendum’. Holding a single-issue referendum on the Seanad seems wasteful in itself, given that the stated aim of the measure is to save money.
Considering the position of the Seanad in the Constitution and the wide scope for reform without constitutional amendment, it is strange that Fine Gael have taken this approach. Unfortunately, the makeup of panels and the university elector system cannot be changed, but much else can.
One quick and easy reform would be to abolish the salary paid to senators and cap expenses at around €20,000. A large swathe of the Seanad is populated by politicians who failed to get elected to the Dáil or who are building a profile for an eventual Dáil run. Most of the rest occupy it as a part-time role. If the position carried no salary the Seanad would still be filled, without difficulty. There is also an honorific element to a Seanad seat which negates the need for a salary.
Immediate cost-savings could be realised and a longer programme of Oireachtas reform could then be developed – perhaps involving the Seanad in European affairs to a greater degree. Too often sectors of Irish society object to European Union legislation at the point of implementation, rather than at the point of debate. The Lisbon Treaty provides for a greater role for national parliaments in the development of EU law and the Seanad could fulfil a useful role in Ireland’s engagement with the EU.
Finally, while much is made of the political nature of many appointments to the Seanad, we should not turn our noses up at the potential to directly appoint parliamentarians. These can represent sections of society who are too geographically or politically scattered to elect one of their own to the Dáil, or individuals who voice opinions that should be heard but would never gain a Dáil seat. The Seanad also provides the opportunity to a Government to bring external expertise to the cabinet table, as happens one a more wide scale basis in some countries (the US being the most prominent example). Up to two government ministers can be drawn from the Seanad (though a senator cannot be taoiseach, tánasite or minister for finance) and with two Seanad seats currently unfilled, this theoretically allows for the government to nominate, for example, a businessperson, economist or academic to the Seanad and then bring them into the government.
These possibilities could, of course, be incorporated into a unicameral Oireachtas, but for now Fine Gael seem content to propose the abolition of the Seanad and the reduction in the number of TDs without proposing a more nuanced vision of how the Oireachtas should function.
4 thoughts on “Why abolish the Seanad?”
You can’t be serious about abolishing the salaries for senators? That will mean that only the rich, or the close relatives of the rich, will be able to sit in the house – and would create yet further incentive for corruption. Abolishing the lot makes much more sense.
The argument that low pay makes politics a rich person’s game (or a corrupt game) applies only to the Dáil, I would argue. The Seanad is, really, a part-time parliament and most senators have a day job. Given their level of involvement in legislating, it does not need to be full time. Accordingly, adequate expenses (e.g. up to €20,000) should be enough for anyone participating in the Seanad.
Further, are we satisfied that our current regime of high wages and expenses broadens access to political office or reduces corruption?
I believe that there is a role for the upper house, but that role is not currently being fulfilled by it. Fine Gael’s argument for abolition would carry a lot more weight if it was accompanied by a scheme of parliamentary reform to complement it. In time, we might see more detail when they elaborate on their “New Politics”.
“The only true valid test of leadership is the ability to lead and to lead vigorously. A personal hero of mine, John Kennedy, said that in 1960. The words still ring true today. The test is still valid, my determination to pass that test still complete.”
Enda Kenny is the David Brent of Irish politics.
I wonder if he has a signature dance, for parties and the like.
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